Sep 24, 2023
CHEM 150 - Essentials of Organic and Biochemistry
An introduction to organic chemistry emphasizing basic concepts and applications to biological systems. Course especially designed for the student needing a one-semester organic chemistry course. PREREQUISITE(S): CHEM 131 or consent of department. Three hours lecture, four hours laboratory each week. Formerly CH 120.
4 semester hours
Upon course completion, a student will be able to:
- Identify the functional groups in organic molecules.
- Compare the physical properties of compounds with different functional groups or molecular sizes.
- Assign common and IUPAC names to simple organic compounds.
- Write condensed structural formulas for simple organic compounds.
- Predict the products of organic reactions and recognize similar reactions in metabolic pathways.
- Identify strong and weak acids and bases.
- Write equations for acidic and basic equilibria and identify Bronsted acids and bases.
- identify whether a solution is acidic, basic, or neutral, given the pH or the hydronium ion concentration.
- Calculate the hydronium and hydroxide ion concentrations from pH or pOH, and vice versa.
- Using chemical equations, explain how buffers work, including the physiological buffers.
- Identify the structural components of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.
- Write the structures of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids from their component molecules and identify the linkages present in these biomolecules.
- Identify the products of the hydrolysis of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.
- Describe the four levels of protein structure.
- Explain briefly the role of RNA and DNA in protein biosynthesis.
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