Sep 27, 2023
CHEM 132 - Principles of Chemistry II
A continuation of CHEM 131 . Topics include solutions, chemical reactions, acid-base theories, electrochemistry, equilibrium, kinetics, nuclear chemistry, and thermodynamics. PREREQUISITE(S): A grade of C or better in CHEM 131 or consent of department. Three hours lecture, one hour discussion, three hours laboratory each week. Formerly CH 102.
4 semester hours
Upon course completion, a student will be able to:
- Write and apply kinetics rate expressions in terms of reactants and products; perform chemical kinetics calculations, including determination of rate laws, reaction rate constants, and applications of first and second order integrated rate laws.
- Calculate the effect of temperature on reaction rate, determine the activation energy, and apply the Arrhenius expression; interpret and construct potential energy diagrams; catalysis; analyze mechanisms of simple chemical reactions.
- Explain and apply relationships between reaction rates and chemical equilibrium.
- Write equilibrium constant relationships, determine equilibrium constants, determine whether equilibrium has been established, and calculate equilibrium concentrations.
- Use LeChatelier’s Principle to predict the effects of concentration, pressure and temperature changes on equilibrium mixtures.
- Determine and apply Ka, Kb, and Kw, and their relationship, to calculate species concentrations and pH in aqueous acid and base solutions, solutions of weakly acidic or basic salts, and buffers; calculate effect on pH of acid or base addition to buffer solutions.
- Determine and apply Ksp values to calculate solubility, concentrations, and related quantities for insoluble substances in aqueous neutral, basic and acidic solutions.
- Explain and apply enthalpy, entropy, free energy concepts and relationships, and determine and apply thermodynamic quantities to chemical reactions.
- Recognize the differences between galvanic and electrolytic electrochemical cells; determine standard and nonstandard cell potentials; and calculate equilibrium constants from cell potential data.
- Describe and explain basic types of nuclear reactions, and apply concepts to predict isotope stability and determine equations for nuclear reactions.
- Locate safety equipment, demonstrate proper waste disposal and work safely with peers in the laboratory.
- Make observations, collect data, do calculations and apply chemical principles to interpret and explain results.
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